Survey on Illegal Trade in Endangered Medicinal Species in China’s Traditional Chinese Medicine Wholesale Markets
YIN Feng, MENG Meng, XU Ling, LIU Dingzhen
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In this survey ,a total of 10 Traditional Chinese Medicine ( TCM ) wholesale markets in China were visited and 1 ,082 pieces of data on trade volume, price and source of 15 endangered medicinal species were recorded. 15 endangered medicinal species are Aquilaria Spp. , Cordyceps sinensis , Cistanche Spp , Gekko gecko , Zaocys dhumnades , Aghistrodon acutus , Bungarus multicinctus, Hawksbill( Eretmochelys imbricata ) shell , Bear( Ursus thibetanus and U. arctos ) bile, Musk ( Moschus spp. ) , Tiger( Panthera tigris) bone, Leopard ( Panthera pardus, Neofelis nebulosa and Uncia uncia, ) bone , Rhino ( Rhinoceros spp. ) horn , Saiga( Saiga tatarica ) horn and Pangolin( Manis spp. ) scale. It is founded that the open illegal wildife trade is not serious , however;it is still common in Black market. Very little tiger bone , leopard bone and rhino horn was found ,only0.8% and 1. 4% dealers claimed to have tiger bone and rhino horn for sale ,all of them mentioned the 1993 trade ban. The implementation of Special Mark System of China Wildlife Management and Utilization has succeeded in decreasing the illegal trade in marked medicinal species. Some endangered medicinal species come from other countries. It is recommendation that amend laws or regulations , strengthen capacity building and improve law enforcement effectiveness, es-tablish the market and trade monitoring system and increase public awareness of wildlife conservation to reduce the illegal trade.