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林业资源管理 ›› 2018, Vol. 0 ›› Issue (2): 24-28.doi: 10.13466/j.cnki.lyzygl.2018.02.005

• 综合管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国滨海滩涂湿地现状及研究进展

李晶(), 雷茵茹, 崔丽娟, 潘旭, 张骁栋, 张曼胤, 李伟   

  1. 1.中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所,北京 100091
    2.湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室,北京 100091
    3.北京汉石桥湿地生态定位研究站,北京 101399
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-22 修回日期:2018-04-08 出版日期:2018-04-28 发布日期:2020-09-22
  • 作者简介:李晶(1988-),女,河南许昌人,助理研究员,博士,主要从事湿地微生物生态学研究。Email: 15810519839@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划资助(2017YFC0506200);国家自然科学基金青年基金(41601577)

Current Status and Research Progress of Coastal Tidal Flat Wetlands in China

LI Jing(), LEI Yinru, CUI Lijuan, PAN Xu, ZHANG Xiaodong, ZHANG Manyin, LI Wei   

  1. 1. The Institute of Wetland Research,Chinese Academy of Forestry,Beijing 100091,China
    2. Beijing Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecological Function and Restoration,Beijing 100091,China
    3. Beijing Hanshiqiao National Wetland Ecosystem Research Station,Beijing 101399,China
  • Received:2018-01-22 Revised:2018-04-08 Online:2018-04-28 Published:2020-09-22

摘要:

滨海滩涂湿地是我国东部城市化地区重要的生态屏障,它为我国城镇居民提供了生物多样性维持、净化、碳汇、资源供给及旅游文化等必不可少的生态系统服务。随着人类活动影响的不断加剧,滨海滩涂湿地正面临着资源约束趋紧、环境污染严重、生态功能退化等重大瓶颈问题。从分析我国滨海滩涂湿地的现状入手,围绕人类活动对滨海湿地的关键过程和功能的影响,滨海滩涂湿地生态功能恢复与提升技术和滨海滩涂湿地资源产业化与生态管理三方面来对目前的研究进展进行综述。分析了目前滨海滩涂湿地退化机理研究、恢复与功能提升技术研发及资源利用和产业化方面存在的问题,并提出了未来的研究方向。

关键词: 滨海滩涂湿地, 关键过程和功能, 生态功能恢复与提升技术, 资源产业化, 生态管理

Abstract:

As an essential ecological barrier for the eastern cities,tidal flat wetlands provide a series of ecological services for coastal households,including biodiversity maintenance,water purification,carbon sequestration,resource provision,tourism and culture.However,due to the increasingly intensive human impacts,tidal flat wetlands are exposed to bottleneck problems such as resource constraint,environment pollution,and ecological function degradation.This paper firstly analyzes the current status of tidal flat wetlands in China,and then reviews the relative research progress from the following aspects:(1) the impacts of human activities on the key processes and functions of coastal tidal flat wetlands;(2) the technologies of ecological function restoration and promotion for coastal tidal flat wetlands;and (3) the resource industrialization and ecological management of coastal tidal flat wetlands.The paper finally identifies the gaps for future research on the degradation mechanism,technology development and resource utilization of coastal wetlands.

Key words: tidal flat wetlands, key processes and functions, technologies of ecological function restoration and promotion, resource industrialization, ecological management

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